"Is there a priority for what we are supposed to sing at Mass?"This of course, presupposes an understanding of Sacred music as greater than singing hymns and a Mass setting. It also is more than simply providing music for the congregation to sing while the clergy say the black and do the red.
At a typical Sunday Mass, it is commonplace to expect the people to actively participate as follows:
- Entrance Hymn
- Alleluia/Gospel Acclamation
- Preface Dialogue (if sung)
- Mysterium Fidei
- Agnus Dei
- Communion Hymn #1
- Communion Hymn #2
- Choir sings nice piece here
Wow! That is quite a lot of music. What do the clergy sing? On occasion, perhaps the preface dialogue or blessing on larger feasts?
All of this is quite opposite from directives following Vatican II. In 1967, the Sacred Congregation of Rites issued an Instruction of Sacred Music: Musicam Sacram. In it, there is a plan for achieving a sung Mass, which can be described in three degrees:
- The Acclamations (Clergy)
- The Mass Ordinary (Faithful)
- The Mass Propers (Choir)
When neatly divided into Musicam Sacram's three categories, or perhaps a fourth by separating the priest's part from the deacon, each group is left with a manageable repertoire of roughly 4-5 musical offerings!
*Hymns are the last option given (GIRM 48) and steps should be taken toward singing the proper texts.
For more information, visit: dnu.org/sacred-music